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Environmental health

Definition of Environmental HealthEnvironmental health is the science and practice of preventing human injury and illness and promoting well-being.

Environmental health
Environmental health

Definition of Environmental Health
Environmental health is the science and practice of preventing human trauma and disease and promoting well-being

Identifying and assessing environmental resources and risk agents and
Limit the risk of hazardous physical, chemical and biological agents in air, water, soil, food and other environmental media or settings that adversely affect human health.
Definition of an environmental health expert or expert
An environmental health professional or expert is a practitioner with appropriate educational education and training and enrollment or certification

Research, design, measurement and assessment of hazardous environmental agents in various environmental media and settings;

Recommend and implement protective interventions that control risks to health;
Develop, promote and implement guidelines, policies, laws and regulations;
Developing and providing health communication and educational materials;
Managing and leading environmental health departments in organizations;
Perform system analysis;
Involve community members in understanding, solving and solving problems;
Review and make recommendations on construction and land use plans;
Describe research that uses science and evidence to understand the relationship between health and the environment; And
Understand the data and prepare technical summaries and reports.
Environmental health is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) in its 1999 World Document: Factors of Human Health and Disease as Determined by Factors in the Environment. It also refers to the theory and practice of assessing and controlling factors in the environment that affect health.

WHO Regional Office Environmental Health for Europe has direct disease effects of chemicals, radiation and certain biological agents, and has broad (physical, psychological, social and cultural) health and (often indirect) effects on health. , Which includes housing, urban development, land use and transportation.

According to the WHO website for environmental health 2016, "Environmental Health addresses all external physical, chemical, and biological factors and all related factors that affect a person's behavior. It covers the assessment and control of environmental factors that affect health. Redhead Stincandi. Target. This, along with the definition of environmental, social and cultural environment as well as the genetics of behavior is not behavior.

Disciplines
There are generally five basic disciplines contributing to the field of environmental health: Environmental Epidemiology, Toxicology, Risk Science, Environmental Engineering and Environmental Law. Each of these topics provide different information to explain problems and solutions in environmental health, but some of them overlap.

Environmental health addresses all human-health related aspects of the natural environment and the built environment. Environmental Health Issues:

  • Air quality, which includes both ambient air and indoor air quality, also has concerns about environmental tobacco smoke.
  • Biosecurity
  • Disaster preparedness and response.
  • Climate change and its effects on health.
  • Environmental racism, in which certain groups of people are at high risk for environmental hazards such as air, soil and water pollution. It is often marginalized because of economic and political processes and ultimately racism. Environmental racism affects individual groups around the world, but usually the most marginalized groups of any region / country.
  • Food security, including agriculture, transportation, food processing, wholesale and retail distribution and sales.
  • Hazardous materials handling, hazardous waste management, contaminated site demonetization, leakage from underground storage tanks and hazardous materials to prevent hazardous materials and to respond to emergencies arising from such releases.
  • Including inspections of homes, poor housing and prisons and prisons.
  • Poisoning happens in early childhood.
  • Land use planning including smart development.
  • Disposal of liquid waste, including the city's sewage treatment plant and on-site wastewater disposal systems such as septic tank systems and chemical toilets.
  • Management and disposal of medical waste.
  • Noise pollution control.
  • Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene.
  • Radiological health, exposure to radiation emitted from X-rays or radioactive isotopes.
  • Prevention of recreational water ailments including swimming pools, spas and ocean and freshwater baths.
  • Safe drinking water.
  • Solid waste management, including landfill, recycling facilities, fertilizer and solid waste transfer stations.
  • Exposure of toxic chemicals in consumer products, homes, offices, air, water or soil.
  • Including vector control, control of mosquitoes, mice, flies, cockroaches and other animals that can transmit pathogens.

Information


The Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Program (TEHIP) is a comprehensive toxicology and environmental health website that has open access to resources produced by US government agencies and organizations and operates under the umbrella of the United States Special Information Service. Library of Medicine. TEHIP includes technical databases, bibliographies, tutorials and links to user-oriented resources. TEHIP is responsible for the Toxicology Data Network (TOXNET), a comprehensive system of toxicology and environmental health databases, including the Hazardous Materials Data Bank, which is open access, meaning it is freely available.



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