how much weight loss is concerning

What is Unexplained Weight Loss?
how much weight loss is concerning
how much weight loss is concerning

              Unexplained weight loss is a significant reduction in body weight, which occurs even when the person is not trying to lose weight. Diet, exercise or lifestyle changes will not cause weight loss. Weight of 10 pounds or more over a period of 6 to 12 months, or five percent of body weight, is considered "unexplainable."

             Unexplained weight loss is a symptom of a serious condition or disease. For this reason, if you (or a family member) lose weight, then you need to seek unexplained medical help.

Who is at risk of unexplained weight loss?

Unexplained weight loss can happen to anyone. However, it is more common (and severe) in those over 65 years of age. Less than 5 percent body weight or less than 10 pounds is also a serious condition in the elderly.

What causes unexplained weight loss?

Mild to severe conditions can cause unexplained weight loss. The causes may be physical or psychological and include:

Hyperactive or thyroid gland. The thyroid gland helps regulate your body temperature and your heart rate and metabolism (the process of turning food into energy).

  • Cancer
  • Crohn's disease (inflammation of the intestine)
  • Heart failure
  • In Addison's disease, the adrenal glands that sit on top of the kidney do not produce enough cortisol and aldosterone hormones.
  • Parkinson's disease
  • AIDS
  • Gastrointestinal problems such as peptic ulcer or ulcerative colitis
  • Dental problem
  • Depression or anxiety
  • Prescription drug side effects
  • Celiac disease (allergic to gluten)
  • Diabetics
  • Parasitic infection
  • Misuse of drugs
  • Irregular eating disorders
  • Inflammation of the pancreas
  • Alcohol or drug abuse
  • Dysphagia (swallowing problem)
  • Official denial

Unexplained weight loss means losing weight when you are not trying to lose weight on your own.

Most people lose weight. Accidental weight loss is 10 pounds (4.5 kg) or 6% of your normal body weight, 5% or less in 12 months.

Lack of appetite can result from:


Cancer even when there are no other symptoms
Chronic infections such as AIDS
Chronic disease such as COPD or Parkinson's disease
Medications including chemotherapy drugs and thyroid medications
Drug abuse, such as amphetamine and cocaine
Stress or anxiety

Chronic digestive problems that reduce the calories and nutrients your body absorbs:

  • Other infections, such as diarrhea and parasites, last longer
  • Chronic inflammation of the pancreas
  • Removing part of the small intestine
  • Laxatives

Other factors such as:

Anorexia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are not yet diagnosed
Diabetes has not been diagnosed
Nimble thyroid gland

Unexplained weight loss

If you lose more than 5% of your weight in 6 to 12 months, tell your doctor, especially if you are older. If you weigh 150 it will be about 8 lbs and if you weigh 200, sudden weight loss for no reason is a sign of a health problem.

If your thyroid gland makes too much thyroid hormone, it will boost your metabolism, allowing you to burn more calories and lose weight. You may have more bowel movements and a racing heartbeat and you are concerned. Your doctor can help you manage it with medication. She can talk to you about surgery to exclude all or part of the thyroid.

Insulin is a hormone that helps your body convert blood sugar into energy. If you have diabetes, you cannot make insulin or use it the way you need it. When your cells run out of fuel, your body begins to feel hungry and burn fat and muscle. This will help you lose weight. You can thirst, fatigue, hunger or urinate more than usual. If you notice these symptoms, talk to your doctor immediately. If you have diabetes, it can help you find the right treatment plan for you.

Celiac disease
If you have it, your body responds to the protein found in gluten, wheat and other grains. When you eat it, your immune system - which helps you fight bacteria and other microbes - accidentally attacks your small intestine. It makes it harder for your body to absorb nutrients and it can cause weight loss. You may also have headaches, itchy skin, sores and arthritis in your mouth. Only the doctor can tell you what you have. If you do, you must follow a specific diet to avoid symptoms.

Medications used to treat certain health conditions can affect your metabolism, causing you to burn more calories or make you feel less hungry. Includes:

Chemotherapy drugs
Medications for Type 2 Diabetes
Talk to your doctor if you lose your appetite or start losing weight on new onions.

It is common to lose a job, divorce, or drop a few pounds after the death of a loved one. Once you are accustomed to the loss or change you need to return to your normal weight. You may need help from family and friends, group therapy or a professional counselor. If you lose weight, talk to your doctor.

A kind of tree
This is when your immune system invades your body and invades your tissues and organs. You can lose weight because it irritates your digestive system and makes it harder for your body to take in nutrients from food. You may be very tired, and your joints may be injured or tight. Butterfly-shaped rashes also appear on many faces. Your doctor can help you reduce symptoms with medications and lifestyle changes.

Addison's disease
With this condition, your adrenal glands do not make enough of certain hormones, especially cortisol. It causes nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain and in some cases, stomach problems such as diarrhea. These things can cause you to lose your appetite and eventually lose weight. Your doctor can help you administer medications to manage your symptoms and change hormones.

These harmful cells can use up most of your energy or create chemicals that change the way you digest your food. Your immune system often needs to work harder. It will make you tired and your body will burn more calories, leading to weight loss.

The disease can damage the small air bags in your lungs. It is often caused by smoking. This makes it difficult to breathe and you begin to boil a thick liquid called mucus. Your body needs more calories to get enough oxygen in each breath. You can also easily get tired and lose your appetite. These things can cause weight loss.

 10 Causes of Weight Loss

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