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World Health Organization

World Health Organization

World Health Organization
World Health Organization

           The World Health Organization (WHO) is a United Nations specialized body dealing with international public health. It was founded on 7 April 1948 and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. 

          WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its predecessor is the agency of the health organization League of Nations.

           The WHO's constitution was signed by 41 countries (a total of 51 member states and 10 others) on 22 July 1949, with the first meeting of the World Health Assembly on 24 July 1979. This includes Office International de-Hygiene Public and League. National Institutes of Health.

           It has been a leading figure in smallpox eradication since its inception. Its current priorities include infectious diseases, particularly HIV / AIDS, Ebola, malaria and tuberculosis; 

          Reducing the effects of non-communicable diseases such as sexual and reproductive health, development and aging; Nutrition, food security and healthy eating; Occupational health; Substance abuse; And develops reporting, publishing, and networking development.

           WHO is responsible for the World Health Report, World Health Survey and World Health Day. WHO’s current Director-General, Tedros Adnom, served as Ethiopia’s Minister of Health from 2005 to 2012 and Ethiopia’s Foreign Minister from 2012 to 2016. Adhanam started his five-year tenure on 1 July 2017.

           The World Health Organization has helped thousands of people in crisis. It helps the world population learn about certain diseases. Malaria, tuberculosis, etc. It has been dedicated to its work for over 65 years, and thanks in large part to the work it has done as thoughtfully.



The Origins

            The International Sanitation Conference on June 23, 1851 was the first ancestor of the WHO. The series of 14 meetings, which lasted from 1851 to 1938, helped international hygiene conferences fight many diseases, the most prominent of which were cholera, yellow fever and bubonic plague. 

            By the seventh in 1892 the meetings were largely useless; When the International Sanitation Conference on Dealing with Cholera was approved. Five years later, a conference for the plague was signed. 

            As a result of the success of the conferences, the Pan-American Sanitary Bureau and Office International d'Haig Public were founded in 1902 and 1907 respectively. When the League of Nations was formed in 1920, they founded the United Nations Health Organization. 

           After World War II, the United Nations adopted the WHO and established the WHO.

Founding

              At the United Nations Convention on International Organization in 1945, Chinese Representative Szemming Xje honored delegates from Norway and Brazil with the establishment of the International Health Organization under the auspices of the United Nations. 

             After failing to pass a resolution on the issue, the conference's general secretary, Alj Hiss, recommended the use of a statement to establish such an organization. Suez and other representatives approved a statement to the International Conference on Health. 

            The use of the word "world" instead of "international" emphasizes the real world nature of what the organization wants to achieve. The Constitution of the World Health Organization was signed on 22 July 1946 by a total of 51 countries and 10 other countries by the United Nations. 
            It became the first special agency of the United Nations, with each member becoming a member. Its constitution was officially enacted on the First World Health Day on 7 April 1948, ratified by the 26th member state. 

             The first meeting of the World Health Assembly ended on 24 July 1948, with a budget of $ 5 million (then GB £ 1,250,000) for the year 1949. Andreza Stanker is the first speaker of the Legislature, and G. Brock Chisholm is the WHO Director of Action who served as executive secretary during the planning stages. 

            Its first priority is to control the spread of malaria, tuberculosis and sexually transmitted diseases and improve the health, nutrition and environmental hygiene of mother and child. Its first legislative session was to compile accurate data on the outbreak and etiology of the disease.
     
          The World Health Organization logo features the Rod of Asclusius as a symbol of healing.

Operational history of WHO


1947: WHO establishes an epidemiological information service through TELEX, and by 1950 a large-scale tuberculosis vaccination campaign using BCG vaccine was underway.

1955: Malaria eradication program launched, although it has since become a target. In 1955, the International Agency for Research on Diabetes Mellitus and Cancer published its first report.

1958: USSR Deputy Health Minister Viktor Jedanov calls on the World Health Council to take a global initiative to eradicate smallpox, resulting in a WHA11.54 resolution. In the meantime, 2 million people die each year from smallpox. [Explanation required]

1966: WHO relocates its headquarters from the Ariana Wing to the newly built headquarters at the Palace of Nations in Geneva.

1967: WHO contributes 4 2.4 million per year to accelerate global smallpox eradication and adopt new disease surveillance system. The initial problem with the WHO team was not adequately reporting smallpox cases. 

          WHO has established a network of consultants who assist countries in setting up monitoring and regulatory activities. WHO helped prevent the last European outbreak in Yugoslavia in 1972. After two decades of struggling with smallpox, the WHO announced that the disease had been eradicated in 1979 - the first disease in history to be eliminated by human endeavor.

1967: WHO launches a special program for research and training on tropical diseases, and the World Health Assembly voted to implement a resolution on disability prevention and rehabilitation with a focus on community-based care.

1974: The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAOO) launches an expanded program on the immunization and control of Onchokiosis, an important partnership between the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the World Bank.

1977: An ambitious mission of "health for all" was announced a year later, compiling the first list of essential medicines.

1986: WHO launches its global program on HIV / AIDS. Two years later, to avoid discrimination with the victims, it was involved and in 1996 UNAIDS was formed.

1988: Global Polio Eradication Initiative established.

1998: WHO Director General reports on the fifth anniversary of the WHO's founding that the benefits of child survival, infant mortality, increased life expectancy and "diarrhea" such as smallpox and polio have been reduced. However, he acknowledged that there is still much to be done to help the mother's health and that progress in the area is slow.

2000: Stop TB partnership formed with United Nations Millennium Development Goals.

2001: The Meijles initiative was established, and by 2007 it was credited with reducing the world's death to 68%.

2002: Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria to Improve Available Resources.


2006: The company has approved the world's first official HIV / AIDS toolkit for Zimbabwe, which supports plans to fight the worldwide epidemic, treatment and AIDS epidemic.

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